Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 1106  General Biology I Lab  
Credit: 1 (0-3-0)
  

This course provides hands-on laboratory experiences that highlight the fundamental molecular, cellular, and genetic principles characterizing living organisms. The scientific method in the discovery of these principles will be the primary focus of the hands-on activities. This course is designed for students majoring in science fields. Student majoring or minoring in biology cannot use placement exams (e.g. CLEP) to fulfill this course requirement. Students majoring or minoring in Biology must earn a C to be considered passing. Other programs with this course as a requirement may also request an earned grade of a C.

Corequisites: BIOL 1306. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 1107  General Biology II - Lab  
Credit: 1 (0-3-0)
  

This course provides hands-on laboratory experiences that highlight the fundamental principles concerning the biology of organisms: biodiversity, evolutionary relationships among major groups of organisms, structural/functional characteristics of these organisms, and general ecological principles of the organismal relationships. This course is designed for students majoring in science fields. Students majoring or minoring in biology cannot use placement exams (e.g. CLEP) to fulfill this course requirement. Students majoring or minoring in Biology must earn a C to be considered passing. Other programs with this course as a requirement may also request an earned grade of a C.

Prerequisites: Passing grade of C or better in BIOL 1306 and BIOL 1106.
Corequisites: BIOL 1307-General Biology II - Biology of Organisms. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 1306  Gen Biology I-Attr Living Sys  
Credits: 3 (3-0-0)
  

This course examines the fundamental molecular, cellular, and genetic principles characterizing living organisms including the role of the scientific method in the discovery of these principles. Specific concepts include the chemical basis for life, energy transformations, cell structure and function, the metabolic processes of respiration and photosynthesis, cell reproduction, and basic concepts of heredity and genetics. This course is designed for students majoring in science fields. College Algebra is recommended prior to taking this course. This course meets the standards for the Life and Physical Sciences category of courses under the core curriculum. Students majoring or minoring in Biology cannot use placement exams (e.g. CLEP) to fulfill this course requirement. Students majoring or minoring in Biology must earn a C to be considered passing. Other programs with this course as a requirement may also request an earned grade of a C. Corequisite for students majoring or minoring in biology: BIOL 1106 – General Biology I Laboratory. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 1307  Gen Biology II-Biol Organisms  
Credits: 3 (3-0-0)
  

This course provides an overview of the diversity of life, the evolutionary relationships among major groups of organisms, and the structural/functional characteristics of these organisms. Topics emphasized will include the study of life at the organismal, population, and community level including form, function, reproduction, taxonomy, systematics, ecology and evolutionary history of biodiversity. This course is designed for students majoring in science fields. This course meets the standards for the Life and Physical Sciences category of courses under the core curriculum. Students majoring or minoring in Biology cannot use placement exams (e.g. CLEP) to fulfill this course requirement. Students majoring or minoring in Biology must earn a C to be considered passing. Corequisite for students majoring or minoring in biology: BIOL 1107 – General Biology II Laboratory. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 1308  Intro to Life Sciences I  
Credits: 3 (3-0-0)
  

This course is designed for non-science majors and examines the basis of biology in the modern world and explores biology as a science – a data-driven process of gaining new knowledge – as well as the impact of biological science on society. Topics in this course include the study of life at the cellular level, investigating cellular structures, chemical processes, cell metabolism, cell division, gene expression and introduction patterns of inheritance. Includes experimental hands-on exercises. This course meets the standards for the Life and Physical Sciences category of courses under the core curriculum. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 1309  Intro to Life Sciences II  
Credits: 3 (3-0-0)
  

This course is designed for non-science majors. Students examine the principles of organismal biology, biodiversity and ecology in the modern world and how these principles relate to issue in today’s society and their broader meaning to the public. Topics in this second course include the study of life at the organismal level considering their morphology, life histories, physiology, and ecology. The nature and evolution of biological diversity and how that diversity is studied is included. Experimental hands-on exercises are included. This course meets the standards for the Life and Physical Sciences category of courses under the core curriculum. TSI Restriction(s): Reading

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2190  Independent Study  
Credit: 1 (0-1-0)
  

This is a course designed to help transfer students in biology complete the necessary degree requirements for biology particularly when their former institution did not require a laboratory section of the course. Instructor permission is required. TSI Restriction(s): Reading

Restrictions:

BIOL 2401  Anatomy & Physiology I  
Credits: 4 (3-1-0)
  

Study of the structure and function of human anatomy, including integumentary, musculoskeletal, and neural systems. With laboratory section. This course meets the standards for the Life and Physical Sciences category of courses under the core curriculum. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2402  Anatomy & Physiology II  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Study of the structure and function of human anatomy, including the cardiovascular system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, endocrine system, digestive system, metabolism, urinary system, and reproductive system. With laboratory section. This course meets the standards for the Life and Physical Sciences category of courses under the core curriculum. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2401 - Anatomy Physiology I.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2401.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2406  Intro to Plant Biology  
Credits: 4 (3-1-0)
  

The course introduces the student to plant tissues and structures, basic plant cell metabolism, cell division and reproduction, genetics and evolution of plants, basic plant systematics, plants and humans, and plant ecology. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307 or BIOL 1309.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2410  Topics in Biology  
Credits: 4 (3-1-0)
  

Lectures, literature investigation and research in selected topics. With laboratory section. May be repeated for credit once under different topic.

Prerequisites: An earned C or better in BIOL 1306, BIOL 1307, and BIOL 1107.

Restrictions:

BIOL 2411  Genetics  
Credits: 4 (3-1-0)
  

This class covers fundamental aspects of heredity, with an emphasis on eukaryotic systems. Topics covered include transmission genetics, linkage and gene mapping A passing grade of C or better in BIOL 1306, BIOL 1106, BIOL 1307, and BIOL 1107. Students majoring or minoring in Biology must earn a C to be considered passing. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2415  Statistics in Biology & Medicn  
Credits: 4 (3-1-0)
  

Explores the principles of probability, exploratory data analysis, experimental design and common inferential statistical techniques used in the biographical and medical sciences. Emphasis is placed on the applications of these methods and practical considerations associated with their proper use. A major focus of the laboratory portion of the course is using statistical computing environments for methodological implementation and generation of high quality scientific figures. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: MATH 1314 or equivalent, a grade of C or better in BIOL 1106, BIOL 1107, BIOL 1306, BIOL 1307.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2421  Introduction to Microbiology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

This course addresses the biology of an array of microorganisms including archaea, bacteria, viruses and eukaryotic microbes such as fungi. Topics will include organism morphology, structure, growth and reproduction, and use of antimicrobial compounds. Discussion of the medical, industrial, and environmental impact of microbes will be included. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: A grade of C or better in BIOL 1306/1106, BIOL 1307 /1107 also CHEM 1311/1111.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2431  Cell Biology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

This course is an introduction to cell structures and how they function, with an emphasis on eukaryotic cells. Topics will include membrane structure, membrane transport, organelles, protein syntheses and folding, cellular energetics and cell cycle. Experiments and techniques used to study cell biology processes will be emphasized. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: Passing grade of C or better in BIOL 1306 and BIOL 1106.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 2490  Topics in Biology  
Credits: 4 (4-0-0)
  

Lectures, literature investigation and research in selected topics. With laboratory section. May be repeated for credit once under different topic.

Prerequisites: an earned grade of C or better in BIOL 1306, BIOL 1307, and BIOL 1107 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions:

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated 1 time(s).

BIOL 3104  Research Experience in Biology  
Credit: 1 (1-0-0)
  

Research Experience in Biology is aimed at providing an introductory research experience in a biology faculty laboratory. Through this experience the student will gain an understanding of how research is conducted outside of a classroom and how the scientific method is actively applied in the specific discipline of the faculty research interests. Students will become part of the research team and will participate in laboratory or field activities as well as meetings/discussions. This course can be repeated for credit for a maximum of 2 credits, the second of which must be under a different faculty member and thus a different discipline in Biology. This course is recommended to be taken before BIOL 4304: Research Projects in Biology. This course does not fulfill "Undergraduate Research". TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated 1 time(s).

BIOL 3304  Biotechniques  
Credits: 3 (1-4-0)
  

Focus on applications of modern molecular techniques that are used in biology. This course has a 1-hour seminar and two 2-hour laboratory sessions.

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3375  Applied Entomology  
Credits: 3 (3-0-0)
  

The characteristics, life history, and identification of insects important to man, with particular reference to agriculture and disease vectors. Stress will be on control measures for harmful species.

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307 or BIOL 1309 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3401  Invertebrate Zoology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Classification, anatomy, life history and evolution of invertebrates exclusive of insects. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307 or BIOL 1309.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3402  Evolution  
Credits: 4 (3-1-0)
  

This course surveys the evidence for biological evolution from molecular, cellular, biochemical, embryological, paleontological, genetic, and ecological perspectives. Particular emphasis is placed on how the genetic constitutions of populations change over time and evolutionary forces that are responsible for such change. Other topics emphasized in this course include the construction and interpretation of evolutionary trees and the evolution of cooperation and sociality. The laboratory component of this course emphasizes reading the primary evolutionary biology literature and the using computer simulations to gain insights into how evolutionary forces interact. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2415 or MATH 3301 and a passing grade of C or better in BIOL 2411 must be completed first.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3403  Plant Taxonomy  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

An introductory course concerned with developing skill in recognition and identification of seed plants at the species and family levels. Emphasis will be placed on collection, use of keys and manuals and herbarium techniques.

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307 or BIOL 1309 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3405  Vertebrate Zoology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Anatomy, classification and natural history of the vertebrates; methods of collecting, preserving and identifying local vertebrates. With laboratory section. Recommended: BIOL 3402 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: An earned grade of a C or better in BIOL 1307 or BIOL 1309.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3406  Animal Behavior  
Credits: 4 (3-0-1)
  

General introduction to the field of animal behavior. Topics include evolution and behavior, behavioral ecology, sociobiology, communication, orientation and navigation, and hormonal mechanisms of behavior. The one hour discussion section will focus on the exploration and critical analysis of current scientific literature. With discussion seminar. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307 or BIOL 1309.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3407  Ecology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

This course provides the foundations of the scientific study of organisms and their environment. Basic components involved in the function and evolution of ecosystems, different ecological models, and the mechanisms that drive ecosystem changes through time will be addressed. Students will learn to approach the study of ecology from the organismal to global scale. The course will incorporate the classic concepts of ecology and will introduce the students into current theoretical and applied fields of ecology. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2415 or MATH 3301 and a passing grade of C or better in BIOL 1307 and BIOL 1107 must be completed first.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3408  Animal Physiology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

A study of the fundamental process of the animal systems. With laboratory section. CHEM 1311 and CHEM 1312 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: An earned grade of C or better in BIOL 1306, 1106, 1307 and 1107.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 3409  Cellular Physiology  
Credits: 4 (3-1-0)
  

This course is the study of how different biochemical, metabolic, and molecular pathways of the cell work together to produce the many functions of cells such as movement, response to hormones, growth, protein synthesis, etc. Topics of signal transduction pathways, protein targeting, secretion and endocytosis, and cellular organization and motility are covered. Cell-cell interactions and tissue formation will be discussed, including the loss of cell division control leading to cancer. With laboratory section. Recommended: CHEM 2423. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: An earned C or better in BIOL 2411, BIOL 2421.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4101  Seminar-Integrative Biology  
Credit: 1 (0-0-1)
  

Student-led reviews of current scientific literature on various topics in biology with critical class analyses. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 3402 and ENGL 2311 or ENGL 1302 must be completed first.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4102  Seminar-Cell/Molecular Biology  
Credit: 1 (1-0-0)
  

Student-led reviews of current scientific literature on cellular and molecular biology with critical class analyses. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411; BIOL 3409 or BIOL 4401 or BIOL 4406; ENGL 2311 or ENGL 1302 must be completed first.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4103  Seminar-Zoology  
Credit: 1 (0-0-1)
  

Student-led reviews of current scientific literature on various topics in zoology with critical class analyses. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 3402 and BIOL 3408 or BIOL 3405 or BIOL 3401 or BIOL 3405 or BIOL 3401 and ENGL 2311 or ENGL 1302 must be completed first.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4104  Seminar-Ecology  
Credit: 1 (0-0-1)
  

Student-led reviews of current scientific literature on various topics in ecology with critical class analyses. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 3402, BIOL 3407, ENGL 2311 or ENGL 1302 must be completed first.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4120  Experiential Lab Instruction  
Credit: 1 (0-0-1)
  

An introduction to laboratory instruction as an undergraduate teaching assistant. Duties will include curriculum development, preparation of laboratory exercises, weekly experimental instruction and weekly meetings with the faculty mentor. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: An earned B or above in the course of interest, and an application submitted for review.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated 1 time(s).

BIOL 4304  Undergrad Research in Biology  
Credits: 1-3 (1-1-0)
  

This course provides an independent review opportunity that will allow undergraduates majoring in biology to make an original intellectual contribution to the discipline. Research will be conducted in collaboration with a faculty mentor. Variable credit for a total of 3 maximum. Recommended: BIOL 3104. Approval of instructor is required. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: Instructor approval and BIOL 1306, BIOL 1106, BIOL 1307, BIOL 1107.

Restrictions: Enrollment limited to students with a semester level of Junior or Senior.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4307  Conserv/Restoration Ecology  
Credits: 3 (3-0-0)
  

This course gives the student an introduction into Conservation Biology from a conceptual perspective together with its many applications in the preservation, protection, and sustainable stewardship of life in all Ecosystems. The course will also review policy, strategies and case studies based on past and current issues. In addition to conservation, the student will be introduced to Restoration Biology. Restoration and Reclamation will be introduced as a follow up step of Conservation through the analysis of case studies where human intervention affected the outcome of an ecosystem. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 3407.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 3407.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4356  Topics in Biology  
Credits: 3 (3-0-0)
  

Lectures in selected topics. May be repeated for credit once under a different topic. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated 1 time(s).

BIOL 4360  Internship in Biology  
Credits: 3 (0-0-3)
  

Internship in Biology is a course aimed at providing professional working experience in the field of biology. The sites at which students will be interns will be local and may be affiliated with the government, military, or private foundations. The student will be required to be a model employee and an exemplary ambassador of Texas A&M University-San Antonio. Students will be supervised by a site manager and by a faculty member. Students will be evaluated based on their work performance and a reflection paper describing their experience. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4401  Molecular Biology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

This course focuses in depth on the molecular basis of life (DNA, RNA, and proteins) and the biochemical mechanisms that control expression of information in the cell. Emphasis will be on molecular techniques and experimental data analysis. With laboratory section. Recommended: CHEM 2325. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411 and BIOL 2421 or with instructor permission.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4402  Developmental Biology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Developmental Biology is the study of how a single cell develops into a multicellular differentiated organism. Cell signaling pathways involved and the interface between evolution and development will be a primary focus. The laboratory experience will address pathways controlling development in model organisms. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: A passing grade of C or better in BIOL 2411.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4406  Bacteriology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

This course studies the diversity of the bacterial world, including the array of metabolic pathways used by different species of bacteria to inhabit a wide range of environments. Emphasis will be on mechanisms of controlling gene expression in prokaryotes, biochemical pathways of energy production and consumption, culture techniques and diagnostic methods, and use of bacteria in research. With laboratory section. Recommended: CHEM 2323. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411, 2421, CHEM 1312/1112.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2421.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4407  Virology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

The emphasis of this course is an over-view of viruses and host-virus interactions at the molecular and cellular level, and includes an overview of development of antiviral therapies and utilization of viral vector for gene therapy and vaccines. The mandatory recitation section will involve in-class or online discussion, evaluation, and presentation of peer-reviewed journal articles on the topic of Virology. With laboratory section.

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4408  Immunology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Fundamental concepts in Immunology covering molecular and cellular immunology as well as applied aspects.

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4409  Biology of Disease Vectors  
Credits: 4 (0-0-0)
  

Biology of Disease Vectors the biology and ecology of arthropods that transmit medically important diseases. Students will gain an understanding of the complex relationship between vectors and the pathogens they transmit, specifically the physiological, evolutionary, and ecological relationship. Students will also learn applied and epidemiological aspects of this complex relationship. A mandatory recitation is associated with this course. Recommended: BIOL 3407 and BIOL 3402 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: Passing grade of 'C' or better in BIOL 2411 and ENGL 2311.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4410  Topics in Biology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Lectures, literature investigation and research in selected topics. With laboratory section. May be repeated for credit once under different topic. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 2411.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 2411.Graduate level students may not enroll.

Repeat Status: Course may be repeated 1 time(s).

BIOL 4411  Appl Plant Physiology,Grwth/Dv  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

This course provides students an applied approach to how plants function, grow and develop in response to environmental challenges. It also addresses the physical and chemical principles that underlie physiological processes. The application of this knowledge in the context of current issues such as drought and food shortage will be addressed. The weekly laboratory session will complement the lecture, by providing hands-on experience in observation, data collection, measurement, and problem-solving skills.

Prerequisites: BIOL 2406 or passing grade of C in BIOL 1307 and BIOL 1107 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4423  Wildlife Management  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

This course introduces the student to the fundamental components that are involved in wildlife management. We will approach the study of wildlife management by reviewing important ecological principles, understand the significance of conservation in wildlife management, and identify how various management efforts may be applied for sustainable wildlife populations. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 3407.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 3407.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4424  Field Biology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

During this course the student will learn to plan an ecological study and conduct fieldwork. The student will be introduced to different experimental designs and procedures to study different types of organisms and their environment. With Laboratory Section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 3407.

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 3407.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4425  Ornithology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Classification, structures, physiology, natural history and field identification of birds. This course may require early morning field trips. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4426  Cellular Physiology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Physiochemical function at the cellular level. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: 12 semester hours of biology and CHEM 2323/2123, CHEM 2325/2125; PHYS 1301/1101 and PHYS 1302/1102 recommended.

Restrictions:

BIOL 4427  Herpetology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology of amphibians and reptiles from a world-wide perspective. With laboratory section in which local forms will be emphasized. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4429  Mammalogy  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Classification, distribution, life histories, economic importance, techniques of field study, methods of collection and preservation of mammals. With laboratory section.

Prerequisites: BIOL 3402, Recommended: BIOL 3405 TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Restrictions: Prerequisite: BIOL 3402.Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4430  Parasitology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Introduction to parasitism with special reference to human and other vertebrate hosts. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: An earned grade of C or better in BIOL 1307 and BIOL 1107.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4431  Ichthyology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

Evolution, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology of fishes from a world-wide perspective. With laboratory section in which local forms will be emphasized. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: BIOL 1307.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.

BIOL 4432  Primatology  
Credits: 4 (3-3-0)
  

An introduction to the diversity, distribution, evolutionary history and ecological importance of primates. This course will emphasize the evolutionary and ecological principles underlying our understanding of primate behavior and how these principles inform us about our own behavior. With laboratory section. TSI Restriction(s): Reading, Math, and Writing

Prerequisites: An earned C or better in BIOL 1307 and BIOL 1107.

Restrictions: Graduate level students may not enroll.